The three levels of digital divide in East EU countries

World of MediMassimo Ragnedda and Hanna Kreitem (2018) The three levels of digital divide in East EU countries, World of Media. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies, 4. 5-26.

This article brings to light significant insights into the three levels of digital divide in the particular setting of East EU. It discusses and analyses indicators related to the spread and use of the Internet (first level of digital divide), the level of digital skills (second level of digital divide), and digital services used by citizens in East EU countries to improve their quality of life (third level of digital divide). The article specifically focuses on the third level of digital divide, by analysing, on a macro level, three tangible outcomes, namely eGovernment service completion and use, eHealth in terms of seeking health related information and interacting with practitioners online, and eCommerce. Data from Eurostat, including digital scorecard and other reports, showed clear discrepancies among countries of East Europe, as well as distinct difference between some countries and overall European Union averages, suggesting the existence of two groups of countries, one as high performance in terms of services offered and high growth in terms of use, and the second is at medium performance in terms of services offered, and low in terms of growth and use.

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Are you interested in doing a Phd at Northumbria University, Newcastle?

Northumbria-University-Newcastle-LogoAre you interested in doing a Ph.D at Northumbria University, Newcastle? I am currently looking for strong candidates interested in bringing fresh perspectives to debates around the forms of digital and social inclusion and sketch a concept of inclusion and inequality in the digital sphere. The successful candidate will develop innovative ways through which to study how to counter social inequalities through digital inclusion. The successful researcher will use a case study approach to explore the ways in which digital literacy and digital skills programmes work together to challenge social inequalities and to propose a more nuanced understanding of how social and digital inclusion are related.  I am open to applications bringing a variety of interpretations and suggesting different case study examples to this broad topic. Candidates should have an interest in equality issues and digital technologies. This project will be suitable for candidates with an MA or MFA in mass communication, media and sociology. Researcher who can bridge two or more of the above disciplines will be particularly well placed to apply for this doctoral studentship.

If you are interested please get in touch with me: massimo.ragnedda @

Eligibility and How to Apply:

Please note eligibility requirement:

  • Academic excellence of the proposed student i.e. 2:1 (or equivalent GPA from non-UK universities [preference for 1st class honours]); or a Masters (preference for Merit or above); or APEL evidence of substantial practitioner achievement.
  • Appropriate IELTS score, if required.
  • Applicants cannot apply for this funding if currently engaged in Doctoral study at Northumbria or elsewhere.

Deadline for applications: Friday 25 January 2019

Start Date: 1 October 2019

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IAMCR 2019: Abstract submission system is now open

did-logo-optimalYou can submit your abstract (both individual and panel proposals are welcome) any time starting from today until February 8, 2019. Early submissions are strongly encouraged.

The overarching conference theme in 2019 is “Communication, Technology, and Human Dignity: Disputed Rights, Contested Truths”. The theme addresses issues of human rights and dignity in a modern globalized world, where ICTs and artificial intelligence are influencing the way human rights are currently understood, promoted and protected. The theme seeks to explore the role of information and communication technologies in both supporting and subverting the exercise of rights and the achievement of universal dignity. It also argues that such rights as the right to voice and visibility, to have one’s experiences and ideas fairly represented in public sphere, to have access to the comprehensive information are now gaining a status of fundamental rights in the society.

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